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J Cell Physiol. 2014 Jan;229(1):27-33. doi: 10.1002/jcp.24427.

Drosophila as a model for context-dependent tumorigenesis.

Author information

1
Department of Genetics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.

Abstract

Drosophila can exhibit classic hallmarks of cancer, such as evasion of apoptosis, sustained proliferation, metastasis, prolonged survival, genome instability, and metabolic reprogramming, when cancer-related genes are perturbed. In the last two decades, studies in flies have identified several tumor suppressor and oncogenes. However, the greatest strength of the fly lies in its ability to model cancer hallmarks in a variety of tissue types, which enables the study of context-dependent tumorigenesis. We review the organs and tissues that have been used to model tumor formation, and propose new strategies to maximize the potential of Drosophila in cancer research.

PMID:
23836429
PMCID:
PMC4034382
DOI:
10.1002/jcp.24427
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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