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Prenat Diagn. 2013 Nov;33(11):1054-62. doi: 10.1002/pd.4196. Epub 2013 Aug 23.

Noninvasive prenatal diagnosis experience in the Çukurova Region of Southern Turkey: detecting paternal mutations of sickle cell anemia and β-thalassemia in cell-free fetal DNA using high-resolution melting analysis.

Author information

1
Çukurova University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry, Adana, Turkey.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

This study used a high-resolution melting (HRM) technique to detect paternal mutations for the noninvasive prenatal diagnosis (NIPD) of β-thalassemia and sickle cell anemia (HbS). We also determined the levels of cell-free fetal DNA and total cell-free DNA.

METHODS:

We used the HRM technique for fetal genotyping of paternal mutations in maternal plasma from 32 pregnancies at risk of β-thalassemia and 57 pregnancies at risk of HbS. The DNA levels in maternal plasma were measured using real-time quantitative PCR. Multiples of the median (MoM) values were calculated in women at risk for β-thalassemia or HbS.

RESULTS:

Twenty-two paternal mutations were detected in 89 pregnant women. Although we were successfully able to detect the paternal β-thalassemia mutations, the mutant HbS fetuses could not be distinguished from maternal background in the early weeks of pregnancy. The detection of DYS14 in male fetuses was 100%. The MoM values of women at high risk of having HbS-affected fetuses were higher than those for the other groups.

CONCLUSION:

High-resolution melting is a useful method for NIPD of β-thalassemias by detecting paternal mutations in the maternal plasma. Cell-free fetal DNA quantification and MoM values were not informative for HbS or β-thalassemias in early pregnancy.

PMID:
23836351
DOI:
10.1002/pd.4196
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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