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Ultrason Sonochem. 2014 Jan;21(1):387-94. doi: 10.1016/j.ultsonch.2013.06.014. Epub 2013 Jun 25.

Rapid sonochemical synthesis of MCM-41 type benzene-bridged periodic mesoporous organosilicas.

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  • 1Department of Chemistry, National Central University, Chung-Li 320, Taiwan, ROC.

Abstract

Benzene-bridged periodic mesoporous organosilicas (PMOs) with the MCM-41 were synthesized by a rapid sonochemical process via co-condensation of tetraethoxysilane (TEOS) and 1,4-bis(triethoxysilyl) benzene (BTEB) under basic conditions within a few minutes using cetyltrimethylammoniumbromide (CTMABr) as a structure-directing agent. The molar ratio of the silicon precursors and the synthesis time were varied in order to investigate their influence on the structural ordering of the materials. The characteristics of the materials were evaluated by X-ray diffraction (XRD), N2-sorption, transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and solid-state NMR spectroscopy. The resultant materials exhibited well-ordered hexagonal mesostructures with surface areas in the range of 602-1237 m(2)/g, pore volumes of 0.37-0.68 cm(3)/g, and pore diameters in the range of 2.5-3.5 nm. Two dimensional (29)Si{(1)H} heteronuclear correlation (HETCOR) NMR spectra confirmed the formation of a single mesophase with various Q (from TEOS) and T (from BTEB) silicon species located randomly within the pore walls due to the co-condensation of BTEB and TEOS, which excluded the possibility of formation of island or two separate phases within such a short synthesis time. The prime advantage of the present synthesis route is that it can effectively reduce the total synthesis time from days to a few minutes, much shorter than the conventional benzene-bridged PMOs synthesis methods.

KEYWORDS:

MCM-41; Periodic mesoporous organosilicas; Solid-state NMR; Ultrasonic irradiation

PMID:
23835400
DOI:
10.1016/j.ultsonch.2013.06.014
[PubMed]
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