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Am J Surg. 2013 Nov;206(5):758-63. doi: 10.1016/j.amjsurg.2013.02.010. Epub 2013 Jul 5.

Prognostic significance of lymphovascular or perineural invasion in patients with locally advanced colorectal cancer.

Author information

1
Department of Surgery, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

This study was designed to evaluate the prognostic significance of the positivity of lymphovascular (LVI) and perineural invasion (PNI) in patients with locally advanced colorectal cancer.

METHODS:

From January 1999 to December 2009, 1,437 consecutive patients who underwent curative surgery for stage II or III colorectal cancer were analyzed. Patients were then categorized into 4 groups: LVI-/PNI- (n = 850), LVI+ only (n = 178), PNI+ only (n = 271), and LVI+/PNI+ (n = 138).

RESULTS:

With a median follow-up period of 56 months, the 5-year overall survival rates of patients with LVI-/PNI-, LVI+ only, PNI+ only, and LVI+/PNI+ were 82%, 73%, 71%, and 56%, respectively (P < .001), and the 5-year disease-free survival rates of patients with LVI-/PNI-, LVI+ only, PNI+ only, and LVI+/PNI+ were 80%, 70%, 65%, and 46%, respectively (P < .001). In multivariate analysis, LVI+/PNI+ was an independent prognostic factor for both overall survival (P < .001) and disease-free survival (P < .001).

CONCLUSIONS:

Positivity of both LVI and PNI is a strong predictor of overall and disease-free survival in patients with stages II and III colorectal cancer.

KEYWORDS:

Colorectal cancer; Lymphovascular invasion; Perineural invasion

PMID:
23835209
DOI:
10.1016/j.amjsurg.2013.02.010
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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