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Mar Pollut Bull. 2013 Aug 15;73(1):129-43. doi: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2013.05.029. Epub 2013 Jul 4.

Distribution and concentrations of petroleum hydrocarbons associated with the BP/Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill, Gulf of Mexico.

Author information

1
Louisiana Universities Marine Consortium (LUMCON), 8124 Hwy. 56, Chauvin, LA 70344, USA. psammarco@lumcon.edu

Erratum in

  • Mar Pollut Bull. 2013 Nov 15;76(1-2):435.

Abstract

We examined the geographic extent of petroleum hydrocarbon contamination in sediment, seawater, biota, and seafood during/after the BP/Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill (April 20-July 15, 2010; 28.736667°N, -88.386944°W). TPH, PAHs, and 12 compound classes were examined, particularly C1-benzo(a)anthracenes/chrysenes, C-2-/C-4-phenanthrenes/anthracenes, and C3-naphthalenes. Sediment TPH, PAHs, and all classes peaked near Pensacola, Florida, and Galveston, Texas. Seawater TPH peaked off Pensacola; all of the above classes peaked off the Mississippi River, Louisiana and Galveston. Biota TPH and PAHs peaked near the Mississippi River; C-3 napthalenes peaked near the spill site. Seafood TPH peaked near the spill site, with PAHs and all classes peaking near Pensacola. We recommend that oil concentrations continued to be monitored in these media well after the spill has ceased to assist in defining re-opening dates for fisheries; closures should be maintained until hydrocarbon levels are deemed within appropriate limits.

KEYWORDS:

BP/Deepwater Horizon; Gulf of Mexico; Oil spill; Petroleum hydrocarbons; Seafood; Sediment

PMID:
23831318
DOI:
10.1016/j.marpolbul.2013.05.029
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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