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An Pediatr (Barc). 2014 Apr;80(4):249-53. doi: 10.1016/j.anpedi.2013.05.020. Epub 2013 Jul 3.

[Scarlet fever outbreak in a public school in Granada in 2012].

[Article in Spanish]

Author information

1
Unidad de Gestión Clínica de Medicina Preventiva, Vigilancia y Promoción de la Salud, Hospital Universitario San Cecilio, Granada, España. Electronic address: mariafdezprada@gmail.com.
2
Unidad de Gestión Clínica de Medicina Preventiva, Vigilancia y Promoción de la Salud, Hospital Universitario Virgen de las Nieves, Granada, España.
3
Unidad de Gestión Clínica, Churriana de la Vega, Granada, España.
4
Unidad de Gestión Clínica de Medicina Preventiva, Vigilancia y Promoción de la Salud, Distrito Sanitario Granada-Metropolitano, Granada, España.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Scarlet fever is a streptococcal disease characterized by a skin rash in children. It can be endemic, epidemic or sporadic. In April 2012, the headmaster of a primary school in Granada reported an outbreak of scarlet fever in the school.

OBJECTIVE:

To describe an outbreak of scarlet fever, analyse its epidemiological and clinical characteristics, and present the preventive measures taken to control it.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

A case-control study was conducted using an ad hoc questionnaire, developed for this purpose. The R program, Epidat 3.1 and Microsoft Excel were used for the statistics analysis.

RESULTS:

There were 13 cases and 30 controls. The attack rate was 3.9%. There was a statistically significant difference for the variable "relative affected".

CONCLUSION:

There has been a confirmed outbreak of person-to-person transmitted scarlet fever, and the main risk factor was having a relative with tonsillitis.

KEYWORDS:

Brote; Centro educativo; Escarlatina; Scarlet fever Outbreak; School; Streptococcus pyogenes

PMID:
23831204
DOI:
10.1016/j.anpedi.2013.05.020
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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