Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Nurse Educ Today. 2013 Dec;33(12):1453-8. doi: 10.1016/j.nedt.2013.06.015. Epub 2013 Jul 4.

Who is that masked educator? Deconstructing the teaching and learning processes of an innovative humanistic simulation technique.

Author information

Institute for Health and Social Science Research, Higher Education Division, CQ University, Queensland, Australia. Electronic address:


Simulation learning in nursing has long made use of mannequins, standardized actors and role play to allow students opportunity to practice technical body-care skills and interventions. Even though numerous strategies have been developed to mimic or amplify clinical situations, a common problem that is difficult to overcome in even the most well-executed simulation experiences, is that students may realize the setting is artificial and fail to fully engage, remember or apply the learning. Another problem is that students may learn technical competence but remain uncertain about communicating with the person. Since communication capabilities are imperative in human service work, simulation learning that only achieves technical competence in students is not fully effective for the needs of nursing education. Furthermore, while simulation learning is a burgeoning space for innovative practices, it has been criticized for the absence of a basis in theory. It is within this context that an innovative simulation learning experience named "Mask-Ed (KRS simulation)", has been deconstructed and the active learning components examined. Establishing a theoretical basis for creative teaching and learning practices provides an understanding of how, why and when simulation learning has been effective and it may help to distinguish aspects of the experience that could be improved. Three conceptual theoretical fields help explain the power of this simulation technique: Vygotskian sociocultural learning theory, applied theatre and embodiment.


Applied theatre; Drama; Embodiment; Mediated learning; Nursing education; Simulation; Sociocultural theory; Zone of proximal development

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center