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Enzyme Microb Technol. 2013 Aug 15;53(3):216-22. doi: 10.1016/j.enzmictec.2013.05.008. Epub 2013 Jun 3.

Assessment of long-term cryopreservation for production of hCTLA4Ig in transgenic rice cell suspension cultures.

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Department of Biological Engineering, Inha University, Incheon 402-751, Republic of Korea.


For the commercialization of plant-made pharmaceuticals (PMPs) using transgenic plant cell cultures, the establishment of a cell-banking system has been known to be an essential process. Plant cells are traditionally maintained by repeated subcultures. However, this method has several problems including genetic instability of transformed cell lines, time- and cost-consuming. In this study, long-term cryopreserved rice suspension cells were firstly investigated for the production of human cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen 4-immunoglobulin (hCTLA4Ig). The cryopreserved cells for 5 years were regrowed to callus successfully and then suspended into the liquid medium. Consequently, the maximum cell mass and the hCTLA4Ig production were similar levels compared to those of the non-cryopreserved cells (control) even though hCTLA4Ig productivity was 1.7-fold higher than that of control. To further assess the level of improvements in hCTLA4Ig productivity in cryopreserved cells, hCTLA4Ig production profiles were statistically assessed between data of the cryopreserved cells for 5 years and annual data of non-cryopreserved cells maintained by subculture for 5 years. These results also indicate that hCTLA4Ig productivity in cryopreserved cells for 5 years was significantly increased (p-value: <0.001, 95% confidence interval) and it could be related to cell lysis resulting in release of hCTLA4Ig which was confirmed by the measurement of electrolyte leakage. In conclusion, we show that the long-term cryopreservation of transgenic rice cells was possible to support stable cell lines for the production of PMPs.


Cell-banking system; Long-term cryopreservation; RAmy3D promoter; Transgenic rice cell culture; hCTLA4Ig

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