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J Colloid Interface Sci. 2013 Sep 15;406:178-85. doi: 10.1016/j.jcis.2013.05.063. Epub 2013 Jun 11.

Visible light photocatalytic activity of aromatic polyamide dendrimer/TiO2 composites functionalized with spirolactam-based molecular switch.

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State Key Laboratory Cultivation Base for Nonmetal Composites and Functional Materials, School of Material Science and Engineering, Southwest University of Science and Technology, Mianyang 621010, PR China.


A novel aromatic polyamide dendrimer-TiO2 hybrid photocatalyst functionalized with spirolactam-based molecular switch (RG-TiO2) was synthesized. The materials were characterized by FT-IR and scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and UV-vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy, in comparison with reference materials (plain TiO2). The photocatalytic activity and photostability of RG-TiO2 were investigated based on the degradation of phenol under visible light irradiation. The results showed that the RG-TiO2 hybrid photocatalyst enhanced photocatalytic efficiency of photodegradation of phenol compared with the as-prepared plain TiO2 under visible light irradiation. More significantly, when the RG-TiO2 was acidified to pH 3, the RG-TiO2 was readily transformed from spirolactam form (OFF) to the ring-opened amide form (ON). And the photocatalytic stability of ring-opened RG-TiO2 (switch off form) was much lower than that of ring-closed RG-TiO2 (switch on form). The novel fabrication method of the TiO2 photocatalyst provides a valuable way for developing highly efficient and controllable photocatalysts by molecular switch.


Aromatic polyamide dendrimer; Photocatalyst; Spirolactam-based molecular switch; TiO(2); Visible irradiation

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