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Aten Primaria. 2013 Nov;45(9):461-75. doi: 10.1016/j.aprim.2013.04.007. Epub 2013 Jul 3.

[An analysis of the diabetic population in a Spanish rural are: morbidity profile, use of resources, complications and metabolic control].

[Article in Spanish]

Author information

1
Avaluació i Recerca, Serveis de Salut Integrats Baix Empordà, Palamós, Girona, España; Grup de Recerca en Serveis Sanitaris i Resultats en Salut (GRESSiRES), España. Electronic address: jminoriza@ssibe.cat.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To describe the characteristics of a diabetic population, morbidity profile, resource consumption, complications and degree of metabolic control.

DESIGN:

Cross-sectional study during 2010.

LOCATION:

Four Health Areas (91.301 people) where the integrated management organization Serveis de Salut integrated Baix Empordà completely provide healthcare assistance.

PARTICIPANTS:

4.985 diabetic individuals, identified through clinical codes using the ICD-9-MC classification and the 3M? Clinical Risk Groups software.

MAIN MEASUREMENTS:

Morbidity profile, related complications and degree of metabolic control were obtained for the target diabetic population. We analyzed the consumption of healthcare resources, pharmaceutical and blood glucose reagent strips. All measurements obtained at individual level.

RESULTS:

99.3% of the diabetic population were attended at least once at a primary care center (14.9% of visits). 39.5% of primary care visits and less than 10% of the other scanned resources were related to the management of diabetes. The pharmaceutical expenditure was 25.4% of the population consumption (average cost ?1.014,57). 36.5% of diabetics consumed reagents strips (average cost ?120,65). The more frequent CRG are 5424-Diabetes (27%); 6144-Diabetes and Hypertension (25,5%) and 6143-Diabetes and Other Moderate Chronic Disease (17,2%). The degree of disease control is better in patients not consumers of antidiabetic drugs or treated with oral antidiabetic agents not secretagogues.

CONCLUSIONS:

Comorbidity is decisive in the consumption of resources. Just a few part of this consumption is specifically related to the management of diabetes. Results obtained provide a whole population approach to the main existing studies in our national and regional context.

KEYWORDS:

Comorbidity; Comorbilidad; Complicaciones de la diabetes; Diabetes complications; Diabetes mellitus; Glycosylated haemoglobin A; Health resources; Hemoglobina A glucosilada; Reagent strips; Recursos en salud; Tiras reactivas

PMID:
23830042
DOI:
10.1016/j.aprim.2013.04.007
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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