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Anal Chem. 2013 Aug 6;85(15):7019-23. doi: 10.1021/ac401700p. Epub 2013 Jul 8.

Solution crystallization and dissolution of polyolefins as monitored by a unique analytical tool: solution crystallization analysis by laser light scattering.

Abstract

For the first time, the solution crystallization and dissolution behavior of polyolefins in a variety of solvents was investigated by using a recently developed crystallization based analysis technique, solution crystallization analysis by laser light scattering (SCALLS). SCALLS results provide clear evidence that crystallization and dissolution of linear polyethylene (PE) and isotactic polypropylene (iPP) are greatly influenced by the type of solvent used. It was demonstrated for a blend of PE and iPP that cocrystallization effects are minimal in solvents such as TCB and o-DCB and are significantly more pronounced in xylene and decalin. Surprisingly, in xylene, individual dissolution curves (bimodal SCALLS profile) for both PE and iPP with minimal codissolution effects were observed while in TCB, o-DCB, and decalin both components dissolve simultaneously. These findings provide a novel and facile approach to understand the effect of solvents on cocrystallization and codissolution of chemically dissimilar components in preparative fractionations such as prep TREF (which normally uses xylene), by using TCB as the crystallization solvent and xylene as the eluent.

PMID:
23829195
DOI:
10.1021/ac401700p
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