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J Feline Med Surg. 2014 Feb;16(2):82-8. doi: 10.1177/1098612X13496246. Epub 2013 Jul 4.

Screening diabetic cats for hypersomatotropism: performance of an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for insulin-like growth factor 1.

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1Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, 'Ion Ionescu de la Brad' University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Iasi, Romania.


Screening diabetic cats for feline hypersomatotropism (HS) is currently dependent on using a radioimmunoassay (RIA) for measurement of growth hormone or insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1), both of which require radioactivity, are costly and have limited availability. Performance of an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) using anti-human IGF-1 antibodies was assessed. Total IGF-1 was determined in diabetic cat samples across a wide range of IGF-concentrations using a previously validated RIA (serum: 92 cats; plasma: 31 cats). Repeat IGF-1 measurement was then performed using the ELISA-system. Mean IGF-1 recovery after serial dilution proved satisfactory with a correlation coefficient of 0.96 (serum) and 0.97 (plasma). Appropriate precision was established [intra-assay coefficient of variation (CV) 9.5 ± 2% (serum) and 13.6 ± 7% (plasma); inter-assay CV 11.4 ± 4% (serum) and 7.6 ± 6% (plasma)] and significant effect of hyperlipidaemia, haemoglobinaemia, bilirubinaemia and storage was excluded, with the exception of an increase in serum IGF-1 when left at room temperature for more than 24 h. ELISA concentrations correlated significantly with RIA concentrations (serum Pearson r(2): 0.75; plasma: 0.83, P <0.001). Receiver operating characteristics analysis showed an area under the curve of 0.99 (serum) and 0.96 (plasma), and indicated high diagnostic accuracy for categorising a diabetic cat correctly as suspicious for HS at a serum IGF-1 cut-off of 997 ng/ml (sensitivity, 100%; specificity, 88.1%). The current study is the first to validate an easy-to-use and economical IGF-1 ELISA for the screening for HS among diabetic cats, which is important given the suspected significant prevalence of HS-induced diabetes mellitus.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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