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Sci Rep. 2013;3:2152. doi: 10.1038/srep02152.

Pannexin 1 involvement in bladder dysfunction in a multiple sclerosis model.

Author information

1
Department of Urology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461, USA.

Abstract

Bladder dysfunction is common in Multiple Sclerosis (MS) but little is known of its pathophysiology. We show that mice with experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), a MS model, have micturition dysfunction and altered expression of genes associated with bladder mechanosensory, transduction and signaling systems including pannexin 1 (Panx1) and Gja1 (encoding connexin43, referred to here as Cx43). EAE mice with Panx1 depletion (Panx1(-/-)) displayed similar neurological deficits but lesser micturition dysfunction compared to Panx1(+/+) EAE. Cx43 and IL-1β upregulation in Panx1(+/+) EAE bladder mucosa was not observed in Panx1(-/-) EAE. In urothelial cells, IL-1β stimulation increased Cx43 expression, dye-coupling, and p38 MAPK phosphorylation but not ERK1/2 phosphorylation. SB203580 (p38 MAPK inhibitor) prevented IL-1β-induced Cx43 upregulation. IL-1β also increased IL-1β, IL-1R-1, PANX1 and CASP1 expression. Mefloquine (Panx1 blocker) reduced these IL-1β responses. We propose that Panx1 signaling provides a positive feedback loop for inflammatory responses involved in bladder dysfunction in MS.

PMID:
23827947
PMCID:
PMC3701900
DOI:
10.1038/srep02152
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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