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Orthop Clin North Am. 2013 Jul;44(3):357-70, ix. doi: 10.1016/j.ocl.2013.03.007. Epub 2013 Apr 24.

Complications of surgical treatment of pediatric spinal deformities.

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1
Spine and Scoliosis Service, Hospital for Special Surgery, 535 East 71st Street, New York, NY 10021, USA.

Abstract

Surgery in a child with spinal deformity is challenging. Although current orthopedic practice ensures good long-term surgical results, complications occur. Idiopathic scoliosis represents the most extensively investigated deformity of the pediatric spine. Nonidiopathic deformities of the spine are at higher risk for perioperative and long-term complications, mainly because of underlying comorbidities. A multidisciplinary treatment strategy is helpful to assure optimization of medical conditions before surgery. Awareness of complications that occur during or after spine surgery is essential to avoid a poor outcome and for future surgical decision making. This article summarizes the complications of surgical treatment of the growing spine.

KEYWORDS:

Complications; Growing spine; Kyphosis; Scoliosis; Spinal fusion

PMID:
23827838
DOI:
10.1016/j.ocl.2013.03.007
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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