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Ann Vasc Dis. 2013;6(2):159-63. doi: 10.3400/avd.oa.13-00037. Epub 2013 May 23.

The influence of residual below-knee reflux and incompetent perforating veins on venous function after stripping surgery.

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Department of Surgery, Hiroshima Teishin Hospital, Hiroshima, Japan.


Persisting incompetent great saphenous vein (GSV) below the knee and residual incompetent perforating veins (IPV) are often found after selective stripping of GSV from the groin to upper calf. The aim of this study is to evaluate the venous function when the calf GSVs or calf perforating veins are incompetent after stripping surgery. One hundred-thirty-one limbs were treated by stripping from the groin to upper calf with stab avulsion or sclerotherapy of varices. One month and twelve months after surgery, the patients were examined clinically to establish the extent of persisting varices by duplex ultrasonography and air-plethysmography. Venous filling index (VFI) was a little higher in those who had residual calf GSV reflux 12 months later; it was also higher in the group with incompetent perforating veins than the group without. The chief complaints were found to have improved in all groups. The findings suggest that removal of the saphenous vein below the knee is not necessary, but it is important to take care of the incompetent perforating veins. (English Translation of Jpn J Phlebol 2011; 22: 239-244.).


nerve injury; saphenous vein; selective stripping; varicose vein; venous filling index (VFI)

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