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Methods Mol Biol. 2013;1015:321-36. doi: 10.1007/978-1-62703-435-7_21.

Genetic databases in pharmacogenomics: the Frequency of Inherited Disorders Database (FINDbase).

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Department of Pharmacy, School of Health Sciences, University of Patras, Patras, Greece.


Pharmacogenomics studies how the variations of the individuals' genetic makeup are correlated with a person's response to certain drugs in relation to the therapeutic efficiency, clinical outcome, or even survival, and how they affect drug metabolism, transport, or clearance. Yet, since the incidence of these polymorphisms, being either single-point variations or small insertions/deletions, varies among different populations, a systematic collection and documentation of these variations is warranted, in order to facilitate implementation of pharmacogenomics in different populations. Here we review the existing electronic databases related to pharmacogenomics and pay particular attention in the description of the pharmacogenomics module Frequency of Inherited Disorders database (FINDbase), which documents curated allelic frequency data pertaining to 144 pharmacogenomics markers across 14 genes, representing approximately 87,000 individuals from 150 populations and ethnic groups worldwide. Long-term sustainability of these resources aims to contribute to the design, development, and implementation of pharmacogenomics testing towards the application of personalized approaches in medical treatment.

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