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Intern Emerg Med. 2013 Sep;8(6):529-36. doi: 10.1007/s11739-013-0973-3. Epub 2013 Jul 4.

The association of near infrared spectroscopy-derived StO2 measurements and biomarkers of endothelial activation in sepsis.

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Department of Emergency Medicine and Center for Vascular Biology Research, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Harvard Medical School, 330 Brookline Avenue, Boston, MA 02215, USA.


Near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) may be utilized in conjunction with a vascular occlusion test to quantify a tissue bed's ability to re-oxygenate by measuring continuous tissue oxygen saturation recovery rate. We hypothesize that NIRS recovery slope will be associated with expression of endothelial biomarkers, thus, making it a feasible bedside surrogate for assessing endothelial activation/dysfunction in patients with sepsis. A secondary analysis of a prospective, multicenter, observational study was done on a convenience sample of adult patients at four university emergency departments consisting of patients with septic shock, sepsis without shock and patients without infection. At enrollment we measured the NIRS-derived measurements and collected plasma to assay biomarkers of endothelial activation. 186 patients were enrolled in the study. The mean age was 63 (± 16) years with 60 % male gender. Univariate analysis assessing the linear relationship between the recovery slope with endothelial biomarkers, found a weak but statistical significant association between NIRS recovery slope and soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1 (sFLT-1) and tPAI-1 (r = -0.08, p < 0.0001 and r = -0.06, p = 0.002). When adjusting for diabetes, age and sequential organ failure assessment score at enrollment, only sFLT-1 persisted having a statistically significant association (r = -0.04, p = 0.01). We found a weak, but statistically significant relationship between NIRS-derived measurements and biomarkers of endothelial activation/dysfunction in patients with sepsis. This study fails to support the use of NIRS-derived measurements as a clinical or research tool to identify patients with endothelial cell activation/dysfunction and informs researchers that this is not a robust option for identifying this lesion at the bedside.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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