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Psychol Rev. 1990 Jul;97(3):404-31.

What one intelligence test measures: a theoretical account of the processing in the Raven Progressive Matrices Test.

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Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213.


The cognitive processes in a widely used, nonverbal test of analytic intelligence, the Raven Progressive Matrices Test (Raven, 1962), are analyzed in terms of which processes distinguish between higher scoring and lower scoring subjects and which processes are common to all subjects and all items on the test. The analysis is based on detailed performance characteristics, such as verbal protocols, eye-fixation patterns, and errors. The theory is expressed as a pair of computer simulation models that perform like the median or best college students in the sample. The processing characteristic common to all subjects is an incremental, reiterative strategy for encoding and inducing the regularities in each problem. The processes that distinguish among individuals are primarily the ability to induce abstract relations and the ability to dynamically manage a large set of problem-solving goals in working memory.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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