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Bacteriophage. 2013 Jan 1;3(1):e24767.

Biochemical insights into the function of phage G1 gp67 in Staphylococcus aureus.

Author information

1
The Rockefeller University; New York, NY USA.

Abstract

Bacteriophage (phage) are among the most diverse and abundant life forms on Earth. Studies have recently used phage diversity to identify novel antimicrobial peptides and proteins. We showed that one such phage protein, Staphylococcus aureus (Sau) phage G1 gp67, inhibits cell growth in Sau by an unusual mechanism. Gp67 binds to the host RNA polymerase (RNAP) through an interaction with the promoter specificity σ subunit, but unlike many other σ-binding phage proteins, gp67 does not disrupt transcription at most promoters. Rather, gp67 prevents binding of another RNAP domain, the α-C-terminal domain, to upstream A/T-rich elements required for robust transcription at rRNA promoters. Here, we discuss additional biochemical insights on gp67, how phage promoters escape the inhibitory function of gp67, and methodological advancements that were foundational to our work.

KEYWORDS:

RNA polymerase; Staphylococcus aureus; bacteriophage; gp67; transcription

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