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PLoS Genet. 2013 Jun;9(6):e1003560. doi: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1003560. Epub 2013 Jun 20.

Cohesin and polycomb proteins functionally interact to control transcription at silenced and active genes.

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1
Edward A. Doisy Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Saint Louis University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, Missouri, USA.

Abstract

Cohesin is crucial for proper chromosome segregation but also regulates gene transcription and organism development by poorly understood mechanisms. Using genome-wide assays in Drosophila developing wings and cultured cells, we find that cohesin functionally interacts with Polycomb group (PcG) silencing proteins at both silenced and active genes. Cohesin unexpectedly facilitates binding of Polycomb Repressive Complex 1 (PRC1) to many active genes, but their binding is mutually antagonistic at silenced genes. PRC1 depletion decreases phosphorylated RNA polymerase II and mRNA at many active genes but increases them at silenced genes. Depletion of cohesin reduces long-range interactions between Polycomb Response Elements in the invected-engrailed gene complex where it represses transcription. These studies reveal a previously unrecognized role for PRC1 in facilitating productive gene transcription and provide new insights into how cohesin and PRC1 control development.

PMID:
23818863
PMCID:
PMC3688520
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pgen.1003560
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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