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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013 Jul 16;110(29):12048-53. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1304718110. Epub 2013 Jul 1.

Human placental trophoblasts confer viral resistance to recipient cells.

Author information

1
Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15219, USA.

Abstract

Placental trophoblasts form the interface between the fetal and maternal environments and serve to limit the maternal-fetal spread of viruses. Here we show that cultured primary human placental trophoblasts are highly resistant to infection by a number of viruses and, importantly, confer this resistance to nonplacental recipient cells by exosome-mediated delivery of specific microRNAs (miRNAs). We show that miRNA members of the chromosome 19 miRNA cluster, which are almost exclusively expressed in the human placenta, are packaged within trophoblast-derived exosomes and attenuate viral replication in recipient cells by the induction of autophagy. Together, our findings identify an unprecedented paracrine and/or systemic function of placental trophoblasts that uses exosome-mediated transfer of a unique set of placental-specific effector miRNAs to directly communicate with placental or maternal target cells and regulate their immunity to viral infections.

KEYWORDS:

C19MC; miR-517-3p; primary human trophoblasts

PMID:
23818581
PMCID:
PMC3718097
DOI:
10.1073/pnas.1304718110
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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