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Perit Dial Int. 2014 Sep-Oct;34(6):618-26. doi: 10.3747/pdi.2012.00185. Epub 2013 Jul 1.

Correlation between glycemic control and the incidence of peritoneal and catheter tunnel and exit-site infections in diabetic patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis.

Author information

1
Division of Nephrology, University Hospital A Coruña, and Health Sciences Faculty, University of A Coruña, A Coruña, Spain.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Diabetes mellitus, especially if complicated by poor glycemic control, portends an increased risk of infection. The significance of this association in the case of diabetic patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis (PD) has not been assessed.

METHODS:

Using a retrospective observational design, we analyzed the association between glycemic control at the start of PD (estimated from glycosylated hemoglobin levels) and the risk of peritoneal and catheter tunnel and exit-site infections during follow-up in 183 incident patients on PD. We used the median value of glycosylated hemoglobin to classify patients into good (group A) or poor (group B) glycemic control groups. We applied multivariate strategies of analysis to control for other potential predictors of PD-related infection.

RESULTS:

Groups A and B differed significantly in age, dialysis vintage, use of insulin, and rate of Staphylococcus aureus carriage. Neither the incidence (0.60 episodes in group A vs 0.56 episodes in group B per patient-year) nor the time to a first peritoneal infection (median: 42 months vs 38 months) differed significantly between the study groups. In contrast, group B had a significantly higher incidence of catheter tunnel and exit-site infections (0.23 episodes vs 0.12 episodes per patient-year) and shorter time to a first infection episode (64 months vs 76 months, p = 0.004). The difference persisted in multivariate analysis (adjusted hazard ratio: 2.65; 95% confidence interval: 1.13 to 6.05; p = 0.013). We observed no differences between the study groups in the spectrum of causative organisms or in the outcomes of PD-related infections.

CONCLUSIONS:

Poor glycemic control is a consistent predictor of subsequent risk of catheter tunnel and exit-site infection, but not of peritoneal infection, among diabetic patients starting PD therapy.

KEYWORDS:

Peritonitis; catheter tunnel infection; diabetes; exit-site infection; glycosylated hemoglobin; hyperglycemia

PMID:
23818005
PMCID:
PMC4164406
DOI:
10.3747/pdi.2012.00185
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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