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Zoology (Jena). 2013 Aug;116(4):205-14. doi: 10.1016/j.zool.2013.04.001. Epub 2013 Jun 15.

The antennal lobe of Libellula depressa (Odonata, Libellulidae).

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Dipartimento di Biologia Cellulare e Ambientale, University of Perugia, Via Elce di Sotto, 06123 Perugia, Italy.


Here we describe the antennal lobe of Libellula depressa (Odonata, Libellulidae), identified on the basis of the projections of the afferent sensory neurons stemming from the antennal flagellum sensilla. Immunohistochemical neuropil staining as well as antennal backfills revealed sensory neuron terminal arborizations covering a large portion of the antennal lobe. No clear glomerular structure was identified, thus suggesting an aglomerular antennal lobe condition as previously reported in Palaeoptera. The terminal arbors of backfilled sensory neurons do, however, form spherical knots, probably representing the connections between the few afferent neurons and the antennal lobe interneurons. The reconstruction revealed that the proximal part of the antennal nerve is divided into two branches that innervate two spatially separated areas of the antennal lobe, an anterioventral lobe and a larger posteriodorsal lobe. Our data are consistent with the hypothesis that one tract of the antennal nerve of L. depressa contains olfactory sensory neurons projecting into one of the sublobes, while the other tract contains thermo-hygroreceptive neurons projecting into the other sublobe.


Antennal backfill; Brain; Olfactory sensory neurons; Paleoptera; Thermo-hygroreceptors

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