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BMC Complement Altern Med. 2013 Jul 2;13:154. doi: 10.1186/1472-6882-13-154.

Oral supplementation with areca-derived polyphenols attenuates food allergic responses in ovalbumin-sensitized mice.

Author information

1
School of Pharmacy, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Arecae semen, the dried slice of areca nuts, is a traditional Chinese medicine used to treat intestinal parasitosis, rectal tenesmus and diarrhea. Areca nuts contain a rich amount of polyphenols that have been shown to modulate the functionality of mast cells and T cells. The objective of this study is to investigate the effect of polyphenol-enriched areca nut extracts (PANE) against food allergy, a T cell-mediated immune disorder.

METHODS:

BALB/c mice were left untreated or administered with PANE (0.05% and 0.1%) via drinking water throughout the entire experiment. The mice were sensitized with ovalbumin (OVA) twice by intraperitoneal injection, and then repeatedly challenged with OVA by gavage to induce food allergic responses.

RESULTS:

PANE administration attenuated OVA-induced allergic responses, including the occurrence of diarrhea and the infiltration and degranulation of mast cells in the duodenum. The serum level of OVA-specific IgE and the expression of interleukin-4 in the duodenum were suppressed by PANE treatment. In addition, PANE administration induced Gr-1+, IL-10+ and Gr-1+IL-10+ cells in the duodenum.

CONCLUSION:

These results demonstrate that oral intake of areca-derived polyphenols attenuates food allergic responses accompanied with a decreased Th2 immunity and an enhanced induction of functional myeloid-derived suppressor cells.

PMID:
23816049
PMCID:
PMC3717086
DOI:
10.1186/1472-6882-13-154
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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