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Int Endod J. 2014 Mar;47(3):298-308. doi: 10.1111/iej.12147. Epub 2013 Jul 1.

Involvement of SDF-1 and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 in hydrogen peroxide-induced extracellular matrix degradation in human dental pulp cells.

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Department of Conservative Dentistry, School of Dentistry and Institute of Oral Biology, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Korea.



To determine whether chemokines such as SDF-1 and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) are responsible for hydrogen peroxide (H2 O2 )-induced extracellular matrix (ECM) degradation and to identify the underlying mechanism in human dental pulp cells (HDPCs).


Human dental pulp cells were exposed to 0.4 mmol H2 O2 for 48 h. mRNA expression and protein expression were examined by RT-PCR and Western blot analysis, respectively. The mRNA expression of chemokine (SDF-1 and MCP-1), their receptors (CXCR4 and CXCR2) and extracellular matrix proteins was evaluated by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction. The production of SDF-1, MCP-1, CXCR4 and CCR2 in the culture medium was determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Signal transduction pathway was examined by Western blotting.


Hydrogen peroxide provoked the activation of MCP-1 and SDF-1 mRNA and their respective receptors, CXCR4 and CXCR2. H2 O2 treatment concomitantly downregulated the expression of ECM molecules, such as type I collagen, elastin and fibronectin, and upregulated the mRNA expression of matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1), MMP-2, MMP-8 and MMP-9. Hydrogen peroxide-induced ECM degradation and MMP upregulation were blocked by neutralizing antibodies and siRNAs directed against SDF-1 and MCP-1. Inhibition of SDF-1 and MCP-1 blocked the H2 O2 -induced activation of Akt, p38, ERK and NF-kB.


Inhibition of SDF and MCP-1 is a potent component of reducing release reactive oxygen species-induced ECM degradation in HDPCs and may play an important role in pulpal and periapical inflammation.


SDF-1; extracellular matrix; human dental pulp cells; hydrogen peroxide; matrix metalloprotein; monocyte chemoattractant protein-1

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