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J Vis. 2013 Jun 28;13(7):19. doi: 10.1167/13.7.19.

Contrast magnitude and polarity effects on color filling-in along cardinal color axes.

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Department of Ophthalmology & Visual Sciences, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA.


Color filling-in is the phenomenon in which the color of a visual area is perceived as the color that is only presented in an adjacent area. In a stimulus with multiple edges, color filling-in can occur along any edge and in both centripetal and centrifugal directions when maintaining steady fixation. The current study aimed to investigate the role of chromatic contrast magnitude and polarity along the two chromaticity cardinal axes and the interaction of the axes in the color filling-in process. In Experiment 1, the color filling-in process was examined using stimuli with three different regions and two edges. The three regions had chromaticities that varied only in one of the chromaticity axes. In Experiment 2, the regions along both edges differed in chromaticity along both axes. The results showed that the contrast magnitudes and polarity relationship of the two edges worked together to determine the filled-in direction and time course of the filled-in percepts. Further, the results pointed to a common mechanism mediating the color filling-in process along the two cardinal axes, and the two axes did not act independently in this process.


chromatic pathways; contrast magnitude; contrast polarity; edge integration; filling-in

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