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J Feline Med Surg. 2013 Jul;15(7):631-7. doi: 10.1177/1098612X13489228.

Toxoplasma gondii infection in cats: ABCD guidelines on prevention and management.

Author information

1
European Advisory Board on Cat Diseases. Hartmann@uni-muenchen.de

Abstract

OVERVIEW:

Toxoplasma gondii infection is common in cats, but the clinical disease is rare. Up to 50% of cats, especially free-roaming ones, have antibodies indicating infection and the presence of cystic stages.

DISEASE SIGNS:

Clinical signs only appear in few cats when they become immunosuppressed - in these situations cystic stages can be reactivated. Commonly affected are the central nervous system (CNS), muscles, lungs and eyes. HUMAN INFECTION: Cats can pose a risk for humans when they shed oocysts. However, this happens only once in their lifetime, usually only for 3-10 days after ingestion of tissue cysts. Thus, cats that have antibodies to T gondii no longer shed oocysts, and do not pose a risk to humans.

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PMID:
23813830
DOI:
10.1177/1098612X13489228
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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