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Extremophiles. 2013 Sep;17(5):723-31. doi: 10.1007/s00792-013-0554-4. Epub 2013 Jun 28.

Bio-removal of cadmium by growing deep-sea bacterium Pseudoalteromonas sp. SCSE709-6.

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School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Shandong University, Jinan, 250100, Shandong, China.


Effective bio-removal of heavy metals is important for water treatment. Although a number of microorganism species demonstrated the ability of living cells to remove cadmium, most of them were tested at fixed concentration of metals, salinity, and temperature. This paper reported a research on the screening and performance of a newly developed deep-sea bacterium, Pseudoalteromonas sp. SCSE709-6, for Cd(II) removal by growing cells under a range of experimental conditions: 0-50 mg/L of Cd(II), 15-30 °C of incubation temperatures, 6.5-8.0 of initial pH, and 1.5-5.0 % of salinity. Study results revealed that Pseudoalteromonas sp. SCSE709-6 could remove more than 96 % of Cd(II) on growth. The Cd(II) bioremoval was in correlation but not in accordance with biomass. As cadmium concentrations increased, the Cd(II) removal by cell adsorption played an increasingly important role compared with that of intracellular accumulation. For the removal mechanism, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy revealed that carboxyl, amido and hydroxyl of saccharides, and proteins in the extracellular polymeric substances are the most active groups for Cd(II) absorption. The bacterium reported in this study offers a new microbe strain for Cd(II) bioremediation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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