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Clin Psychol Rev. 2013 Aug;33(6):772-81. doi: 10.1016/j.cpr.2013.05.006. Epub 2013 Jun 8.

Interventions for caregivers of children who disclose sexual abuse: a review.

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Department of Psychology, The University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland, New Zealand.


The importance of interventions for non-offending caregivers following the disclosure of child sexual abuse (CSA) is increasingly recognised in the literature. These interventions are particularly important given what is currently known about the impact of CSA disclosure on non-offending caregivers and the value of caregiver support in assisting their children's recovery. This review provides summary background information on the prevalence and short-term impact of CSA on children, with a particular focus on variables that mediate outcomes including caregiver support. The impact of a child's disclosure on the non-offending caregiver is discussed considering both the emotional effects and changes in their support networks. Furthermore, we examine the associated needs of non-offending caregivers including information, emotional support, support around their own victimisation if relevant, and parenting assistance. Finally, we provide a detailed review of the specific interventions available for caregivers after such a disclosure is made. These interventions include those that just provide information, support groups, psycho-educational groups, support incorporated into the child's intervention, and individual caregiver support. We conclude that interventions for non-offending caregivers are vital in the recovery of the child and their caregiver following CSA and discuss future research considerations.


Child sexual abuse; Intervention; Non-offending caregiver

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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