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Psychiatry Res. 2013 Sep 30;213(3):235-41. doi: 10.1016/j.pscychresns.2013.02.008. Epub 2013 Jun 27.

Neurochemical abnormalities in unmedicated bipolar depression and mania: a 2D 1H MRS investigation.

Author information

1
Department of Radiology and Imaging Sciences, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN, USA.

Abstract

The neurobiology and neurochemistry of bipolar disorder and its different phases are poorly understood. This study investigated metabolite abnormalities in both unmedicated bipolar depression as well as mania using 2D 1H magnetic resonance spectroscopy imaging (MRSI). MRSI data were obtained from 24 unmedicated bipolar disorder (BP) subjects (12 (hypo)manic (BPM)) and 12 depressed (BPD), and 20 closely matched healthy controls. 2D 1H MRSI data were collected from a 15-mm axial slice placed along the anterior commissure-posterior commissure (AC-PC) line to measure brain metabolites bilaterally in the thalamus and also the anterior and posterior cingulate cortex (ACC and PCC). Brain Lac/Cr levels were significantly increased in the BP group as a whole compared to healthy controls. Glutamate abnormalities varied across bipolar state as well as brain region: significantly increased Glx/Cr values were found in the left thalamus in BPD, but BPM had decreased Glu/Cr and Glx/Cr levels in the PCC when compared to healthy controls and decreased Glu/Cr levels even when compared to the BPD subjects group. The findings of the study point to state-related abnormalities of oxidative and glutamate metabolism in bipolar disorder.

KEYWORDS:

Bipolar disorder; Depression; Glutamate; Lactate; MRS; Mania

PMID:
23810639
PMCID:
PMC3729606
DOI:
10.1016/j.pscychresns.2013.02.008
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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