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J Trauma. 1990 Jul;30(7):857-65.

Comparison of a hydrocolloid dressing and silver sulfadiazine cream in the outpatient management of second-degree burns.

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1
Conemaugh Valley Memorial Hospital, Johnstown, Pennsylvania 15905.

Abstract

The purpose of this prospective randomized study was to evaluate the use of an occlusive hydrocolloid dressing (Duoderm hydroactive, Squibb) and silver sulfadiazine (Silvadene, Marion) cream in the outpatient management of second-degree burns. The inclusion criteria consisted of burns less than 15% total body surface area that were evaluated within 24 hours of injury and did not require hospital admission. Fifty patients were randomly assigned after having been screened through a list of seven exclusion criteria. On initial evaluation the burns were photographed and screened for causative agent, location, size, depth, tetanus status, and presence of associated burns and injuries. Patients were seen in followup at least biweekly and evaluated for wound bed healing, wound margin healing, pain, number of dressing changes between visits, and ease of dressing application and removal. On final evaluation the burns were photographed and inspected for appearance of the healed burn, repigmentation, wound contraction, approximate time for dressing change, patient compliance, limitation of activity, overall impression of the treatment, and number of days for complete healing. Results were compared using a two-tailed t-test with p less than 0.01. Both groups were statistically similar in age, sex, and size. Duoderm-treated burns had statistically significantly better wound healing, repigmentation, less pain, fewer dressing changes, less time for dressing changes, and less cost. Duoderm-treated patients had statistically significantly less limitation of activity, better patient compliance, greater patient comfort, better overall acceptance, and felt the treatment was more aesthetically pleasing. The results reveal that the Duoderm Hydroactive dressings are superior to Silvadene cream in the outpatient management of second-degree burns.

PMID:
2381003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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