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Anal Chem. 2013 Aug 6;85(15):7117-24. doi: 10.1021/ac400589a. Epub 2013 Jul 12.

A multisection passive sampler for measuring sediment porewater profile of dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane and its metabolites.

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State Key Laboratory of Organic Geochemistry, Guangzhou Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510640, China.


In situ measurements of hydrophobic organic chemicals in sediment porewater, a central component in assessing the bioavailability and mobility of chemicals in sediment, have been scarce. Here, we introduce a multisection passive sampler with low-density polyethylene (LDPE) as the sorbent phase, which is appropriate for measuring vertical concentration profiles of chemicals in sediment porewater. This sampler is composed of a series of identical sampling cells insulated with seclusion rings. In each section, sorption of chemicals into LDPE is diffusion-controlled through the water layer separated from the sediment by a glass fiber filtration membrane and a porous stainless steel shield. Pilot laboratory testing indicated that the sampler can roughly determine the porewater concentrations of 1,1-dichloro-2,2-bis-(chlorophenyl)ethane (p,p'-DDD) and 1,1-dichloro-2,2-bis-(chlorophenyl)ethylene (p,p'-DDE), comparable to those yielded through centrifugation/liquid-liquid extraction, a conventional technique for sampling sediment porewater. Field deployment of the sampler was performed in an urbanized coastal region to measure the depth profiles of dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane and its metabolites in sediment porewater. Sampling rate-calibrated and performance reference compound-calibrated concentrations were calculated, which were consistent with those obtained by the centrifugation/liquid-liquid extraction method. These results verified the utility of the sampler for measuring depth profiles of sediment porewater chemicals.

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