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Biomed J. 2013 May-Jun;36(3):144-9. doi: 10.4103/2319-4170.113232.

Long-term Outcomes of Carotid Artery Stenting for Radiation-Associated Stenosis.

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Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.



In Taiwan, the prevalence of head and neck cancer is relatively high. Because radiation-associated carotid stenosis is a significant risk factor for stroke, carotid artery stenting (CAS), instead of carotid endarterectomy, is indicated in patients with radiation-associated carotid stenosis. We sought to evaluate the effect of neck radiotherapy (XRT) on the long-term outcome of patients undergoing CAS.


From March 2001 to November 2011, 147 CAS procedures were performed on 129 patients (n = 43 for XRT, n = 86 for non-XRT). Mean follow-up was 42.7 ± 20.5 months (median: 52 months; range: 1-60 months). Duplex velocity criterion for > 50% restenosis after CAS was defined as peak systolic velocity > 175 cm/s. Endpoints included 5-year freedom from mortality, ipsilateral recurrent stroke, and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE).


The mean age of XRT patients was significantly lesser than that of non-XRT patients (61 ± 8 vs. 71 ± 8, p < 0.001). There was significantly less coronary artery disease and other cardiovascular co-morbidities in XRT patients. No significant differences were noted in the composite 30-day ipsilateral stroke/myocardial infarction/mortality (XRT: 8.6% vs. non-XRT: 6%, p > 0.05) and 5-year freedom from mortality, ipsilateral recurrent stroke, and MACE (p > 0.05) between the two groups. Intra-stent carotid restenosis > 50% was significantly higher in the XRT group on follow-up.


Long-term outcomes of CAS for radiation-associated stenosis were not altered by a history of neck XRT, except for asymptomatic carotid restenosis.

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