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Mol Cell. 2013 Jun 27;50(6):894-907. doi: 10.1016/j.molcel.2013.06.002.

The ZFP-1(AF10)/DOT-1 complex opposes H2B ubiquitination to reduce Pol II transcription.

Author information

1
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA.

Abstract

The inhibition of transcriptional elongation plays an important role in gene regulation in metazoans, including C. elegans. Here, we combine genomic and biochemical approaches to dissect a role of ZFP-1, the C. elegans AF10 homolog, in transcriptional control. We show that ZFP-1 and its interacting partner DOT-1.1 have a global role in negatively modulating the level of polymerase II (Pol II) transcription on essential widely expressed genes. Moreover, the ZFP-1/DOT-1.1 complex contributes to progressive Pol II pausing on essential genes during development and to rapid Pol II pausing during stress response. The slowing down of Pol II transcription by ZFP-1/DOT-1.1 is associated with an increase in H3K79 methylation and a decrease in H2B monoubiquitination, which promotes transcription. We propose a model wherein the recruitment of ZFP-1/DOT-1.1 and deposition of H3K79 methylation at highly expressed genes initiates a negative feedback mechanism for the modulation of their expression.

PMID:
23806335
PMCID:
PMC3784254
DOI:
10.1016/j.molcel.2013.06.002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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