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PLoS One. 2013 Jun 21;8(6):e69255. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0069255. Print 2013.

Discovery and Characterization of a Novel Carlavirus Infecting Potatoes in China.

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State Key Laboratory for Agro-biotechnology and Department of Plant Pathology, China Agricultural University, Beijing, P. R. China.


A new carlavirus, tentatively named Potato virus H (PVH), was found on potato plants with mild symptoms in Hohhot, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China. PVH was confirmed by genome sequencing, serological reactions, electron microscopy, and host index assays. The PVH particles were filamentous and slightly curved, with a modal length of 570 nm. Complete RNA genomic sequences of two isolates of PVH were determined using reverse transcription-PCR (RT-PCR) and the 5' rapid amplification of cDNA ends (5' RACE) method. Sequence analysis revealed that PVH had the typical genomic organization of members of the genus Carlavirus, with a positive-sense single-stranded genome of 8410 nt. It shared coat protein (CP) and replicase amino acid sequence identities of 17.9-56.7% with those of reported carlaviruses. Phylogenetic analyses based on the protein-coding sequences of replicase and CP showed that PVH formed a distinct branch, which was related only distantly to other carlaviruses. Western blotting assays showed that PVH was not related serologically to other potato carlaviruses (Potato virus S, Potato virus M, and Potato latent virus). PVH systemically infected Nicotianaglutinosa but not Nicotiana tabacum, Nicotianabenthamiana, or Chenopodiumquinoa, which is in contrast with the other potato carlaviruses. These results support the classification of PVH as a novel species in the genus Carlavirus. Preliminary results also indicated that a cysteine-rich protein encoded by the smallest ORF located in the 3' proximal region of the genome suppressed local RNA silencing and enhanced the pathogenicity of the recombinant PVX.

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