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Obesity (Silver Spring). 2013 Dec;21(12):E687-95. doi: 10.1002/oby.20538. Epub 2013 Aug 13.

Impaired HDL function in obese adolescents: impact of lifestyle intervention and bariatric surgery.

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1
University Leipzig-Heart Center Leipzig, Department of Cardiology, Leipzig, Germany; Takasaki General Medical Center, Division of Cardiology, Takasaki, Japan; Gunma University School of Medicine, Department of Cardiology, Maebashi, Japan.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

HDL regulates endothelial function via stimulation of nitric oxide production. It is documented that endothelial function is impaired in obese adolescents, and improved by lifestyle interventions (LI).

DESIGN AND METHODS:

HDL function in obese adolescents and the impact of LI or Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery (RYGB) was assessed. HDL was isolated from 14 adolescents with normal body mass index (HDLcontrol ), 10 obese (HDLobese ) before and after 6 month LI, and five severe obese adolescents before and one year after RYGB. HDL-mediated phosphorylation of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS)-Ser(1177) , eNOS-Thr(495) , and PKC-ßII was evaluated. In addition the HDL proteome was analyzed.

RESULTS:

HDLobese -mediated eNOS-Ser(1177) phosphorylation was reduced, whereas eNOS-Thr(495) phosphorylation increased significantly when compared to HDLcontrol . No impact of obesity was observed on PKC-ßII phosphorylation. LI and RYGB had no impact on HDL-mediated phosphorylation of eNOS and PKC-ßII. A principle component plot analysis of the HDL particle separated controls and severe obese, whereas the interventions did not trigger sufficient differences to the HDL proteome to permit distinction.

CONCLUSION:

These results demonstrated that HDL-function is impaired in obese adolescents, and that LI or RYGB did not correct this dysfunction. This might be an argument for developing earlier prevention strategies in obese adolescents to avoid HDL dysfunction.

PMID:
23804534
DOI:
10.1002/oby.20538
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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