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Bioorg Med Chem. 2013 Aug 1;21(15):4634-45. doi: 10.1016/j.bmc.2013.05.047. Epub 2013 Jun 3.

3'-Oxo-, amino-, thio- and sulfone-acetic acid modified thymidines: effect of increased acidity on ribonuclease A inhibition.

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Department of Chemistry, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, Kharagpur 721302, India.


A family of 3'-functionalized thymidines carrying XCH₂COOH (X=O, NH, S, SO₂) groups has been designed as inhibitors of RNase A. This is because it is possible to manipulate the overall acidity of this new class of nucleic 'acids' by changing X from oxygen to the SO₂ group in the series. It is also expected that the acyclic nature of the XCH₂COOH group would provide enough flexibility to the -COOH group to have maximum interactions with the catalytic subsite P1 of RNase A. As the -SO₂CH₂COOH substituted derivative showed better potency partially because of the increased acidity of the -COOH group, the inhibitory properties of both 5'-substituted and 3',5'-disubstituted sulfone acetic acid modified thymidines were investigated. Two -SO₂CH₂COOH groups were incorporated with the expectation of targeting two phosphate binding sites simultaneously. Thus, 3',5'-dideoxy-3',5'-bis-S-[(carboxymethyl)sulfonyl]thymidine emerged as the best inhibitor in this series with a Ki value of 25 ± 2 μM.

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