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Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao. 2013 Jun;33(6):785-93.

Comparison of tonal response properties of primary auditory cortex neurons of adult rats under urethane and ketamine anesthesia.

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1
Department of Physiology, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou 510515, China. huanglingyueliyan@yahoo.com.cn

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To compare tonal response properties of neurons in the primary auditory cortex of Sprague-Dawley rats anesthetized with urethane and ketamine-xylazine.

METHODS:

Forty-five female Sprague-Dawley rats (200-250 g) were randomized into two groups and anesthetized with urethane or ketamine-xylazine. Tone pips were chosen as the stimuli to obtain the action potentials of the single neurons by in vivo cell-attached recording. The features of the action potentials were extracted with Matlab software to comparatively analyze the acoustic response properties of the neurons between the two anesthetic groups.

RESULTS:

The Q values and the characteristic frequencies were independent of the types of anesthetic agents, but with urethane anesthesia, the neurons tended to have higher minimum thresholds, lower spontaneous firing rates, longer response latencies, and more frequent occurrence of tuning with stronger inhibition compared to those in ketamine-xylazine group.

CONCLUSION:

Urethane and ketamine might have no obvious impact on the transmission pathway of frequency tuning from the periphery to the auditory cortex, but neurons from rats with urethane anesthesia receive enhanced inhibition mediated by the interneurons or have a lower intrinsic excitability.

PMID:
23803185
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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