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Eur J Clin Nutr. 2013 Aug;67(8):789-96. doi: 10.1038/ejcn.2013.116. Epub 2013 Jun 26.

Beyond weight loss: a review of the therapeutic uses of very-low-carbohydrate (ketogenic) diets.

Author information

1
The Physiological Laboratory, Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Padova, Padova, Italy. antonio.paoli@unipd.it

Erratum in

  • Eur J Clin Nutr. 2014 May;68(5):641.

Abstract

Very-low-carbohydrate diets or ketogenic diets have been in use since the 1920s as a therapy for epilepsy and can, in some cases, completely remove the need for medication. From the 1960s onwards they have become widely known as one of the most common methods for obesity treatment. Recent work over the last decade or so has provided evidence of the therapeutic potential of ketogenic diets in many pathological conditions, such as diabetes, polycystic ovary syndrome, acne, neurological diseases, cancer and the amelioration of respiratory and cardiovascular disease risk factors. The possibility that modifying food intake can be useful for reducing or eliminating pharmaceutical methods of treatment, which are often lifelong with significant side effects, calls for serious investigation. This review revisits the meaning of physiological ketosis in the light of this evidence and considers possible mechanisms for the therapeutic actions of the ketogenic diet on different diseases. The present review also questions whether there are still some preconceived ideas about ketogenic diets, which may be presenting unnecessary barriers to their use as therapeutic tools in the physician's hand.

PMID:
23801097
PMCID:
PMC3826507
DOI:
10.1038/ejcn.2013.116
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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