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Br J Pharmacol. 2013 Sep;170(1):222-32. doi: 10.1111/bph.12280.

Benzodiazepine-site pharmacology on GABAA receptors in histaminergic neurons.

Author information

1
Department of Neurophysiology, Medical Faculty, Heinrich-Heine-Universität, Düsseldorf, Germany.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:

The histaminergic tuberomamillary nucleus (TMN) of the posterior hypothalamus controls the cognitive aspects of vigilance which is reduced by common sedatives and anxiolytics. The receptors targeted by these drugs in histaminergic neurons are unknown. TMN neurons express nine different subunits of the GABAA receptor (GABAA R) with three α- (α1, α2 and α5) and two γ- (γ1, γ 2) subunits, which confer different pharmacologies of the benzodiazepine-binding site.

EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH:

We investigated the actions of zolpidem, midazolam, diazepam, chlordiazepoxide, flumazenil (Ro15-1788) and methyl-6,7-dimethoxy-4-ethyl-β-carboline-3-carboxylate (DMCM) in TMN neurons using mouse genetics, electrophysiological and molecular biological methods.

KEY RESULTS:

We find the sensitivity of GABAA R to zolpidem, midazolam and DMCM significantly reduced in TMN neurons from γ2F77I mice, but modulatory activities of diazepam, chlordiazepoxide and flumazenil not affected. Potencies and efficacies of these compounds are in line with the dominance of α2- and α1-subunit containing receptors associated with γ2- or γ1-subunits. Functional expression of the γ1-subunit is supported by siRNA-based knock-down experiments in γ2F77I mice.

CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS:

GABAA R of TMN neurons respond to a variety of common sedatives with a high affinity binding site (γ2F77I) involved. The γ1-subunit likely contributes to the action of common sedatives in TMN neurons. This study is relevant for understanding the role of neuronal histamine and benzodiazepines in disorders of sleep and metabolism.

KEYWORDS:

GABA; histamine; microelectrode array; single-cell RT-PCR; whole-cell patch-clamp; zolpidem

PMID:
23799902
PMCID:
PMC3764863
DOI:
10.1111/bph.12280
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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