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An Pediatr (Barc). 2014 Mar;80(3):173-80. doi: 10.1016/j.anpedi.2013.05.003. Epub 2013 Jun 21.

[Emergence of invasive pneumococcal disease caused by non-vaccine serotypes in the era of the 7-valent conjugate vaccine].

[Article in Spanish]

Author information

1
Departamento de Pediatría, Sección de Infectología Pediátrica, Hospital Infantil Universitario Gregorio Marañón, Madrid, España. Electronic address: felipe.gonzalezm@yahoo.es.
2
Departamento de Pediatría, Sección de Infectología Pediátrica, Hospital Infantil Universitario Gregorio Marañón, Madrid, España.
3
Servicio de Microbiología, Hospital Infantil Universitario Gregorio Marañón, Madrid, España.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

There has been an increased incidence in invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) produced by non-vaccine serotype (NVS) of Streptococcus pneumoniae after the introduction of PCV7. Our objective was to describe the epidemiological, clinical and microbiological characteristics of IPD caused by NVS in a tertiary hospital in Madrid.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

Retrospective (1998-2004) and prospective (2005-2009) study evaluating IPD caused by NVS in children. The study was divided into three periods: P1 (1998-2001) when PCV7 was not commercialized; P2 (2002-2005) with 40% vaccine coverage among children; and P3 (2006-2009) when the vaccine was added to the Childhood Immunization Schedule in Madrid.

RESULTS:

We analyzed 155 cases of IPD. One hundred and fifty of these isolates were serotyped (100 were NVS). There was an increase in the prevalence of IPD from P1 (31%) to P2 (54%) and P3 (91%). The most relevant emerging serotypes were 19A, 7F, 1, 5, 3 and 15C. The most significant clinical syndromes produced by some specific serotypes were as follows: lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI) by serotypes 1, 3, 5 and 15C; LRTI, primary bacteremia and meningitis by serotype 19A; and primary bacteremia by serotype 7F (66%). The large majority (83.8%) of NVS were sensitive to penicillin.

CONCLUSIONS:

There has been an increased prevalence of IPD caused by NVS since the introduction of PCV7. These changes should prompt the introduction of new pneumococcal vaccines, which include most of the NVS, in the childhood immunization calendar to prevent IPD in children.

KEYWORDS:

Emerging serotypes; Enfermedad neumocócica invasora; Heptavalent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine; Invasive pneumococcal disease; Serotipos emergentes; Vacuna neumocócica conjugada heptavalente

PMID:
23796611
DOI:
10.1016/j.anpedi.2013.05.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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