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J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2013 Aug;98(8):E1305-13. doi: 10.1210/jc.2012-3602. Epub 2013 Jun 24.

Upregulated miR-155 in papillary thyroid carcinoma promotes tumor growth by targeting APC and activating Wnt/β-catenin signaling.

Author information

1
Department of Nuclear Medicine, Shanghai 10th People's Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200072, China.

Abstract

CONTEXT:

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are strongly implicated in many cancers, including papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC), which is the most common malignancy in thyroid tissue. Recently, miRNA-155 (miR-155) has been proved to play a substantial role in liposarcoma and breast cancer, but its functions in the context of PTC remain unknown.

OBJECTIVES:

The objective was to investigate the potential involvement of miR-155 in PTC.

DESIGN:

Expression levels of miR-155 were assessed via quantitative real-time PCR in 20 pairs of human PTC and adjacent normal tissues and in 4 human PTC cell lines. Lentiviral miR-155 overexpression models were performed in TPC-1 and CGTH-W3 cells, and the effects on cell growth were evaluated. We have searched for miR-155 targets and identified the hypothesis that miR-155 could promote tumor growth of PTC by targeted regulation of adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) expression and activating the Wnt/β-catenin signaling.

RESULTS:

MiR-155 levels were markedly increased in PTC specimens and PTC cell lines. Overexpression of miR-155 dramatically promoted PTC cell viability and colony formation in vitro, whereas miR-155 depletion reduced these parameters. Further studies revealed that APC is a novel miR-155 target, because miR-155 bound directly to its 3'-untranslated region and reduced both the mRNA and protein levels of APC. Similar to the miR-155 over-expression, APC downregulation promoted cell growth, whereas rescued APC expression reversed the promotive effect of miR-155. Furthermore, miR-155 overexpression resulted in activation of β-catenin and induction of several downstream genes including c-Myc, cyclin D1, TCF-1. and LEF-1. Depletion of β-catenin partially prevented miR-155-induced tumor cell viability and colony formation. In xenograft animal experiments, we found overexpressed miR-155 effectively promoted tumor growth of PTC cells.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our results indicate that miR-155 functions as an oncogene in PTC. By targeting APC, miR-155 efficiently regulates the Wnt/β-catenin signaling. And miR-155 may be a potential therapeutic or diagnostic/prognostic target for treating PTC.

PMID:
23796566
DOI:
10.1210/jc.2012-3602
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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