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Nord J Psychiatry. 2014 Feb;68(2):123-8. doi: 10.3109/08039488.2013.780260. Epub 2013 Jun 24.

Gaba transporter SLC6A11 gene polymorphism associated with tardive dyskinesia.

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1
Woo-Young Son, Department of Psychiatry, Korea University College of Medicine , Seoul , South Korea , and Department of Biology, Cornell University College of Arts and Sciences , NY 14850 , USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) insufficiency has been reported to be related to the tardive dyskinesia (TD) susceptibility. Inada et al. (Pharmacogenet Genomics 2008;18:317-23) identified eight genes belonging to GABA receptor signaling pathway that may be involved in TD susceptibility by genome-wide screening and they replicated associations in an independent sample for polymorphisms in SLC6A11 (GABA transporter 3), GABRG3 (c-3 subunit of GABA-A receptor) and GABRB2 (β-2 subunit of GABA-A receptor). In this study, we tried to replicate their finding in a larger Korean sample and find if any of the genes was associated with the susceptibility to TD.

METHODS:

We selected three polymorphisms in SLC6A11 (rs4684742), GABRG3 (rs2061051) and GABRB2 (rs918528) from the previous study. We carried out a case-control study (105 TD and 175 non-TD schizophrenic patients) to identify the association between the three candidate polymorphisms and susceptibility to TD and their epistatic interactions by using the multifactor dimensionality reduction (MDR) algorithm.

RESULTS:

Among the three variants, SCL6A11 genotypes distribution showed a significant difference between the TD and non-TD patients (P = 0.049). However, GABRG3 and GABRB2 genotype distributions were not associated with TD (P = 0.268 and P = 0.976, respectively). Further, our analyses provided significant evidence for gene-gene interactions (SCL6A11, GABRG3 and GABRB2) in the development of TD. The odds ratio increased to 2.53 (CI = 1.515-4.217, P = 0.0003) when the genetic susceptibility to TD was analyzed with the three genes considered altogether through MDR approach.

CONCLUSION:

These results suggest that GABA receptor signaling pathway was associated with the increased susceptibility to TD in Korean schizophrenic patients.

PMID:
23795861
DOI:
10.3109/08039488.2013.780260
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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