Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Phys Chem B. 2013 Oct 24;117(42):13378-87. doi: 10.1021/jp4047243. Epub 2013 Jul 8.

Modeling spatial correlation of DNA deformation: DNA allostery in protein binding.

Author information

1
Department of Chemistry, MIT , Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, United States.

Abstract

We report a study of DNA deformations using a coarse-grained mechanical model and quantitatively interpret the allosteric effects in protein-DNA binding affinity. A recent single-molecule study (Kim et al. Science 2013, 339, 816) showed that when a DNA molecule is deformed by specific binding of a protein, the binding affinity of a second protein separated from the first protein is altered. Experimental observations together with molecular dynamics simulations suggested that the origin of the DNA allostery is related to the observed deformation of DNA's structure, in particular, the major groove width. To unveil and quantify the underlying mechanism for the observed major groove deformation behavior related to the DNA allostery, here we provide a simple but effective analytical model where DNA deformations upon protein binding are analyzed and spatial correlations of local deformations along the DNA are examined. The deformation of the DNA base orientations, which directly affect the major groove width, is found in both an analytical derivation and coarse-grained Monte Carlo simulations. This deformation oscillates with a period of 10 base pairs with an amplitude decaying exponentially from the binding site with a decay length lD ≈10 base pairs as a result of the balance between two competing terms in DNA base-stacking energy. This length scale is in agreement with that reported from the single-molecule experiment. Our model can be reduced to the worm-like chain form at length scales larger than lP but is able to explain DNA's mechanical properties on shorter length scales, in particular, the DNA allostery of protein-DNA interactions.

PMID:
23795567
PMCID:
PMC3808477
DOI:
10.1021/jp4047243
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for American Chemical Society Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center