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Neuropharmacology. 2014 Jan;76 Pt C:610-27. doi: 10.1016/j.neuropharm.2013.05.043. Epub 2013 Jun 18.

Pre- and postsynaptic twists in BDNF secretion and action in synaptic plasticity.

Author information

1
Institut für Physiologie, Otto-von-Guericke-Universität, D-39120 Magdeburg, Germany.

Abstract

Overwhelming evidence collected since the early 1990's strongly supports the notion that BDNF is among the key regulators of synaptic plasticity in many areas of the mammalian central nervous system. Still, due to the extremely low expression levels of endogenous BDNF in most brain areas, surprisingly little data i) pinpointing pre- and postsynaptic release sites, ii) unraveling the time course of release, and iii) elucidating the physiological levels of synaptic activity driving this secretion are available. Likewise, our knowledge regarding pre- and postsynaptic effects of endogenous BDNF at the single cell level in mediating long-term potentiation still is sparse. Thus, our review will discuss the data currently available regarding synaptic BDNF secretion in response to physiologically relevant levels of activity, and will discuss how endogenously secreted BDNF affects synaptic plasticity, giving a special focus on spike timing-dependent types of LTP and on mossy fiber LTP. We will attempt to open up perspectives how the remaining challenging questions regarding synaptic BDNF release and action might be addressed by future experiments. This article is part of the Special Issue entitled 'BDNF Regulation of Synaptic Structure, Function, and Plasticity'.

KEYWORDS:

BDNF secretion; BDNF-dependent synaptic plasticity; LTP; Long-term potentiation; Mossy fiber LTP; Neurotrophin; STDP; Spike timing; Synaptic plasticity

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