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Res Microbiol. 2013 Sep;164(7):788-98. doi: 10.1016/j.resmic.2013.06.004. Epub 2013 Jun 20.

Bacterial determinants of the social behavior of Bacillus subtilis.

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Instituto de Hortofruticultura Subtropical y Mediterránea La Mayora (IHSM-UMA-CSIC), Departamento de Microbiología, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Málaga, 29071 Málaga, Spain.


Bacteria utilize sophisticated cellular machinery to sense environmental changes and coordinate the most appropriate response. Fine sensors located on cell surfaces recognize a myriad of triggers and initiate genetic cascades leading to activation or repression of certain groups of genes. Structural elements such as pilli, exopolysaccharides and flagella are also exposed at the cell surface and contribute to modulating the intimate interaction with surfaces and host cells. This review will cover the latest advances in our understanding of the biology and functionality of these bacterial determinants within the context of biofilm formation of Bacillus subtilis.


Bacillus; Biofilms; Cell-to cell communication; Extracellular matrix; Functional amyloids

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