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Food Chem. 2013 Nov 15;141(2):920-6. doi: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2013.03.071. Epub 2013 Mar 27.

Protective effects of triterpenoids from Ganoderma resinaceum on H₂O₂-induced toxicity in HepG2 cells.

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State Key Laboratory of Phytochemistry and Plant Resources in West China, Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Science, Kunming 650201, People's Republic of China.


Ganoderma resinaceum Boud. (Polyporeseae) has long been used for antioxidant, immunoregulation and liver protection. From the fruiting bodies of G. resinaceum, eight new lanostanoids, lucidones D-G (1-4), 7-oxo-ganoderic acid Z2 (5), 7-oxo-ganoderic acid Z3 (6), ganoderesin A (7), and ganoderesin B (8), together with six known lanostanoids (9-14) were isolated. The structures of new compounds were elucidated through extensive spectroscopic analysis. In an in vitro model, ganoderesin B (8), ganoderol B (10) and lucidone A (11) showed inhibitory effects against the increase of ALT and AST levels in HepG2 cells induced by H2O2 compared to a control group in the range of their maximum non-toxic concentration (MNTC). However, compounds 8, 10 and 11 displayed no anti-oxidant activities by DPPH assay. Meanwhile, activation for PXR (Pregnane X Receptor) of ganoderesin B (8), ganoderol B (10) and lucidone A (11) was evaluated; ganoderol (10) exhibited a vital activation for PXR-induced CYP3A4 expression. These results suggested that GTs (Ganoderma triterpenoids) exhibited hepatoprotective activities by lowering ALT and AST levels.

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