Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Adolesc Health. 2013 Jul;53(1 Suppl):S4-12. doi: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2012.10.280.

Suicidal thinking and behavior among youth involved in verbal and social bullying: risk and protective factors.

Author information

1
Division of Academic General Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA. borow004@umn.edu

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To identify risk and protective factors associated with thinking about or attempting suicide among youth involved in verbal and social bullying.

METHODS:

We analyzed data on 130,908 students in the sixth, ninth, and twelfth grades responding to the 2010 Minnesota Student Survey. Among students involved in frequent bullying (once a week or more during the past 30 days), we compared those who did and did not report suicidal ideation or a suicide attempt during the past year. Separate analyses were conducted for perpetrators only, victims only, and bully-victims.

RESULTS:

Overall, 6.1% of students reported frequent perpetration only, 9.6% frequent victimization only, and 3.1% both. Suicidal thinking or a suicide attempt was reported by 22% of perpetrators only, 29% of victims only, and 38% of bully-victims. In logistic regression models controlling for demographic and other risk and protective factors, a history of self-injury and emotional distress were risk factors that cross-cut the three bullying involvement groups. Physical abuse, sexual abuse, a mental health problem, and running away from home were additional risk factors for perpetrators only and victims only. Parent connectedness was a cross-cutting protective factor, whereas stronger perceived caring by friends and by nonparental adults were additional protective factors for some groups.

CONCLUSIONS:

A range of risk and protective factors were associated with suicidal ideation and a suicide attempt among youth involved in verbal and social bullying. Findings may assist in identifying youth at increased risk for suicidal thinking and behavior and in promoting key protective factors.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center