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Inorg Chem. 2013 Jul 15;52(14):8005-9. doi: 10.1021/ic400589u. Epub 2013 Jun 21.

Synthesis and crystal chemistry of the fast Li-ion conductor Li7La3Zr2O12 doped with Fe.

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Department of Materials Research and Physics, University of Salzburg, A-5020 Salzburg, Austria.


Nominal Li7La3Zr2O12 (LLZO) garnet, doped with (57)Fe2O3, was synthesized by sintering oxides and carbonates at T = 1100 °C in air. X-ray powder diffraction measurements show that Li(7-3x)Fe(3+)(x)La3Zr2O12 with x = 0.19 crystallizes in the cubic space group Ia-3d, with a0 = 12.986(4) Å at room temperature. SEM and electron microprobe measurements were made to obtain compositional information and check for the presence of phases other than garnet. Inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectroscopy measurements were made to determine the Li content. (57)Fe Mössbauer spectra obtained at 295 and 80 K show that about 96% of the total iron occurs as Fe(3+) and 4% as Fe(2+). Roughly two-thirds of the Fe(3+) cations are assigned to the tetrahedral site (24d) and roughly one-quarter to a highly distorted site (possibly at 96h) in the garnet structure. Smaller amounts of Fe(3+) and Fe(2+), around 5% each, occur at other crystallographic sites. On the basis of published (27)Al MAS NMR results and analysis of the (57)Fe Mössbauer spectra, it appears that at low concentrations Al(3+) and Fe(3+) substitute in Li7La3Zr2O12 in a similar manner. The aliovalent substitution Al(3+)/Fe(3+) ↔ 3Li(+) in LLZO stabilizes the cubic phase and also probably promotes its high Li-ion conductivity.


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