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Clin Microbiol Infect. 2013 Nov;19(11):1006-13. doi: 10.1111/1469-0691.12273. Epub 2013 Jun 21.

An overview of internet biosurveillance.

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Imaging Science and Information Systems Center, Georgetown University School of Medicine, Washington, DC, USA; Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, DC, USA.


Internet biosurveillance utilizes unstructured data from diverse web-based sources to provide early warning and situational awareness of public health threats. The scope of source coverage ranges from local media in the vernacular to international media in widely read languages. Internet biosurveillance is a timely modality that is available to government and public health officials, healthcare workers, and the public and private sector, serving as a real-time complementary approach to traditional indicator-based public health disease surveillance methods. Internet biosurveillance also supports the broader activity of epidemic intelligence. This overview covers the current state of the field of Internet biosurveillance, and provides a perspective on the future of the field.


Digital disease detection; Internet-based surveillance; digital epidemiology; electronic surveillance; epidemic intelligence; event-based surveillance; participatory epidemiology; web-based text mining

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